Frequency and pattern of dyslipidemia in diabetes mellitus type 2.
Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the frequency and pattern of dyslipidemia in patients of diabetes mellitus type 2. Study Design: Cross Sectional Observational study. Setting: Medicine Department and National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology OPD of Dow University Hospital OJHA Campus Karachi Sindh. Period: March 2018 to September 2018. Material & Methods: 142 diabetes mellitus type 2 patients aged between 35-60 years, selected by non-probability consecutive sampling method. Detailed medical history and blood sample for fasting lipid profile was obtained from each diabetic patient. Result: Out of 142 diabetic patients investigated for dyslipidemia, 72 (50.7%) were male and 70 (49.3%) were female with a mean age of 47.49±6.40 (35-60) years. Dyslipidemia was detected in 114 (80.3%) patients; with most common abnormality was elevated serum triglycerides (54.9%), followed by decreased serum HDL cholesterol (50.7%), elevated serum VLDL cholesterol (50.0%), elevated serum cholesterol (38.7%) and elevated serum LDL cholesterol (16.9%). Conclusion: It was concluded that diabetes mellitus type 2 is directly correlated with higher incidence of dyslipidemia.