Frequency and pattern of dyslipidemia in diabetes mellitus type 2.

  • Akhtar Ali National Institute of Diabetes & Endocrinology, Dow University of Health Sciences, OJHA Campus, Karachi.
  • Rabeel Nawaz Dow University Hospital, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.
  • Faiza Dildar Ghuman Dow University Hospital Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Syed Muhammad Hasan National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.
  • Sadia Iqbal Dow University Hospital, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.
  • Syed Muhammad Adnan National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases, Dyslipidemia, Diabetes Mellitus, Mortality

Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the frequency and pattern of dyslipidemia in patients of diabetes mellitus type 2. Study Design: Cross Sectional Observational study. Setting: Medicine Department and National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology OPD of Dow University Hospital OJHA Campus Karachi Sindh. Period: March 2018 to September 2018. Material & Methods: 142 diabetes mellitus type 2 patients aged between 35-60 years, selected by non-probability consecutive sampling method. Detailed medical history and blood sample for fasting lipid profile was obtained from each diabetic patient. Result: Out of 142 diabetic patients investigated for dyslipidemia, 72 (50.7%) were male and 70 (49.3%) were female with a mean age of 47.49±6.40 (35-60) years. Dyslipidemia was detected in 114 (80.3%) patients; with most common abnormality was elevated serum triglycerides (54.9%), followed by decreased serum HDL cholesterol (50.7%), elevated serum VLDL cholesterol (50.0%), elevated serum cholesterol (38.7%) and elevated serum LDL cholesterol (16.9%). Conclusion: It was concluded that diabetes mellitus type 2 is directly correlated with higher incidence of dyslipidemia.

Author Biographies

Akhtar Ali, National Institute of Diabetes & Endocrinology, Dow University of Health Sciences, OJHA Campus, Karachi.

MBBS, MRCP (Dublin), MRCP (London)

Director & Professor Medicine

Rabeel Nawaz, Dow University Hospital, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

FCPS (Medicine)

Medical Officer Medicine

Faiza Dildar Ghuman, Dow University Hospital Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan.

FCPS (Medicine)

Assistant Professor Medicine

Syed Muhammad Hasan, National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

MBBS, MRCP (Ireland), MRCP (UK-Endocrinology & Diabetes)

Assistant Professor (Medicine)

Sadia Iqbal, Dow University Hospital, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

FCPS (Medicine)

Assistant Professor Medicine

Syed Muhammad Adnan, National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan.

MS (Biostatistics & Epidemiology) DUHS

Lecturer

Published
2021-06-10