Factors leading to surgical site infection (SSI); a 6 years analysis of general surgical cases in a newly developed teaching hospital.


  • Saira Aleem Govt Teaching Hospital, Lahore.
  • Mudassar Murtaza Central Park Medical College, Lahore.
  • Mumtaz Ali Govt Teaching Hospital, Lahore.




Body Mass Index, Cholecystectomy, Hernioplasty, Nosocomial, Surgical Site Infection


Objective: To determine the major factors leading to surgical site infection in elective surgeries. Study Design: Retrospective Cross Sectional study. Setting: Department of Surgery, Government Teaching Hospital Shahdara, Lahore. Period: January 2016 to December 2021. Methods: The cases of surgical site infections were collected from well-organized data according to health care commission’s format of recording data in surgical site infection Register. Emergency patients were excluded. Each infected case was thoroughly investigated according to Performa and presented in meeting of infection control committee. Demographics were recorded and the factors were determined in individual case. Frequency and percentages of infected cases and main factors in all cases were analyzed by SPSS version 24. Results: We had 61 cases of SSI out of 2962 cases operated during the study period with calculated rate of 2.06%. Seventy two percent cases had age more than 40 years. 39(63.93%) were female and 22(36/07) were male. Mean age was 43.02 years with standard deviation of ± 8.98. 72% of infected cases. BMI in infected cases was 29.56 mean and Standard deviation ± 2.74 and 27.29 in non-infected cases (significant). Diabetes and Rank of surgeon had significant difference with increased infection in resident level. Smoking and gender of patients had no statistically significant impact. Conclusion: High Body mass index, diabetes, longer duration of procedure, rank of surgeon and use of mesh are the leading factors causing surgical site infection. Smoking, age and gender had no significant effect on SSI.  

Author Biographies

Saira Aleem, Govt Teaching Hospital, Lahore.


Mudassar Murtaza, Central Park Medical College, Lahore.

FCPS, CHPE, Associate Professor Surgery, 

Mumtaz Ali, Govt Teaching Hospital, Lahore.

MS, Senior Registrar,