VOL. 25 NO. 06

SURGICAL INCISION
VERTICAL INCISION OR HORIZONTAL INCISION FOR EPIGASTRIC PORT IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY: WHAT SHOULD BE THE CHOICE?
Abstract: Objectives: To compare the outcome variables among patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy using horizontal and vertical incisions for epigastric port incision. Study Design: Randomized control trial. Place and Duration of Study: Departme...
MOHAMMAD TOUSEEF ASGHAR, RIZWAN AHMAD KHAN, SADAF ISHAQUE, DANISH IMTIAZ, SALMAN ABDUL BASIT
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MARJOLIN’S ULCER AND BURN SCARS
A PREVENTABLE ASSOCIATION.
Abstract: Background: Marjolin’s ulcer (MU) represents malignant degeneration that typically ensues over a period of time in the post-burned lesions and scars or any other chronic wound. The worldwide incidence of MUs in such lesions is reported to be 0.77%...
HYDER ALI, YUSRA AFZAL, SYFYAN AHMED, MUJTUBA PERVAIZ, MASOOD HUSSAIN RAO, SYED MUHAMMAD ALI
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CLIPPED OR CLIPLESS CHOLECYSTECTOMY
WHICH OPTION TO CHOOSE TO PREVENT POSTOPERATIVE BILIARY LEAKAGE IN PATIENTS OF CHOLECYSTITIS
Abstract: Background: Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the inflamed gallbladder. Advancement in technology has led to many treatment options and methods of cholecystectomy but the selection of right method depends upon severity of disease along w...
H. SABIHA AKHTAR, ZIA FAROOQ, HASSAN RATHORE, MUHAMMAD UMAR FAROOQ, AROOJ AHMAD
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TIBIAL PLATEAU FRACTURES
FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF HYBRID EXTERNAL FIXATOR IN SCHATZKER-V AND VI TIBIAL PLATEAU FRACTURES.
Abstract: Background: Tibial fractures is most common type of long bone fractures. High speed lifestyles with vehicles motorcycles as well as growing waves of violence, contributing increase occurrence of tibial fractures. Tibial plateau fractures continues...
SAEED AHMAD, TARIQ MAHMOOD, MUHAMMAD IMRAN HAIDER
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MANDIBULAR SYMPHYSIS FRACTURES
COMPARISON OF CONVENTIONAL MINI PLATES VERSUS 3D MINI PLATES IN THE FIXATION OF ISOLATED MANDIBULAR SYMPHYSIS FRACTURES IN ABBASI SHAHEED HOSPITAL KARACHI-- A CLINICAL STUDY
Abstract: Introduction: Mandible is one of the most commonly fractured bones in maxillofacial trauma. Mandibular symphysis is a common site of mandibular fractures. Compare to conventional miniplates, three dimentional plates were found more effective in te...
ZAHID ALI, JUNAID SHAKEEL, MUHAMMAD FURQAN
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𝝱-THALASSEMIA MAJOR
FREQUENCY OF SHORT STATURE IN CHILDREN WITH ß-THALASSEMIA MAJOR RECEIVING MULTIPLE BLOOD TRANSFUSION
Abstract: Background: Â-thalassemia is a common single genetic disorder in Pakistan with about 8% gene frequency and roughly 10 million carriers. Growth impairment leading to short stature in thalassemic patients is as an important cause of morbidity. Objec...
MUHAMMAD SHAMAOON, JUNAID NAWAZ, MUHAMMAD AHSAN
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HAEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS
ANALYSIS OF HEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS THROUGH BONE MARROW BIOPSY EXAMINATION.
Abstract: Objectives: To analyse the pattern of hematological disorders through bone marrow aspiration, and to compare the final diagnoses with their referral diagnoses made by the referring physicians.Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Period...
MUHAMMAD IHTESHAM KHAN, NEELAM AHMAD, SYEDA HINA FATIMA
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HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA
COMMON HEMOLYTIC CAUSES OF HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA IN FULL TERM NEONATES REQUIRING EXCHANGE TRANSFUSION
Abstract: Background: Neonatal jaundice is a common condition in the early days of infant’s life. It clinically manifests in a significant number of full term babies and almost all premature neonates. Increase in the serum bilirubin during early infancy is ...
MOHSIN HAYAT, MOHAMMAD IRSHAD, WAJEHA TAJ, IHSAN ULLAH, AMIR MOHAMMAD, AFZAL KHAN KHATAK
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DERMATITIS
ACUTE VERSUS CHRONIC RADIO DERMATITIS WITH IONIZING RADIATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THEIR FREQUENCY OF PRESENTATION.
Abstract: Objectives: To assess the frequency of acute and chronic radio dermatitis in patients treated for various malignancies, via ionizing radiation. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: This multi-center, Outpatient Department of Dermatology A...
HUMAIRA MARYUM, SADAF AHMED, HUMAIRA TALAT, RAJA SAMIR KHAN, MEHNAZ GITAY, ASIM HAMEED
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COPD
CLINICAL EVALUATION AND DIRECT COST ANALYSIS OF COPD EXACERBATION IN PATIENTS OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Abstract: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considered as a major public health concern to the medical community. COPD is associated with episodic exacerbations which are evident as enhanced dyspnea, worsening of lung function, c...
SABA AJAZ BALOCH, FARYA ZAFAR, HUMA ALI, ALI AKBAR SIAL, ASHOK KUMAR, AMBREEN WASEIM, RABIA BUSHRA, ZEBUNNISA
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PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES
FREQUENCY OF MICROALBUMINURIA IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION.
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of microalbuminuria in patients with essential hypertension for postpartum hemorrhage. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Medicine at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad. Period: Si...
IMRAN KHAN, ABDUL GHAFFAR DARS, NISAR AHMED SHAH, SYED ZULFIQUAR ALI SHAH
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CHRONIC HEPATITIS C
THYROID DYSFUNCTION IN CHRONIC HEPATITIS C PATIENTS TREATED WITH PEG INTERFERON AND RIBAVIRIN
Abstract: Background: Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin combination was the main treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients in Pakistan till 2016. An important side effect of this combination was thyroid dysfunction (TD). Objectives: To ev...
WASEEM SARWAR MALGHANI, FAROOQ MOHYUD DIN CHAUDHARY, MUHAMMAD ALI WADHAK, ASMA TAMEEZ UD DIN, ANUM KHAKWANI, ASIM TAMEEZ UD DIN
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HEART FAILURE
FREQUENCY OF DIFFERENT FACTORS CAUSING DECOMPENSATION IN PREVIOUSLY COMPENSATED HEART FAILURE.
Abstract: Objectives: To identify factors which cause deterioration with worsening of symptoms in previously stable heart failure patients. Study design: Descriptive case series Setting: Gulab Devi Chest Hospital, Lahore. Duration: 01-04-2017 to 30-09-2017....
MUHAMMAD IJAZ BHATTI, MAJID KALEEM, ASIF HANIF
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BLOOD DONATION
BLOOD DONATION PERCEPTION AND WILLINGNESS IN PEOPLE VISITING RAWAL GENERAL & DENTAL HOSPITAL, ISLAMABAD
Abstract: Objectives: To assess the perception of people about blood donation, to determine the willingness of people to donate blood voluntarily to blood banks and to identify the frequency of people who have ever donated blood. Study Design: Cross section...
UZMA HASSAN, NAILA AZAM, SHEIKH KASHIF RAHIM
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DENGUE FEVER
ROLE OF NON STRUCTURAL PROTIEN-1 (NS-1) POSITIVITY IN DENGUE CASES: AN EXPERIENCE FROM A QAZI HUSSAIN AHMED MEDICAL COMPLEX NOWSHERA.
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency and characteristics of dengue patients. Study Design: Cross sectional observational study. Setting: Qazi Hussain Ahmed Medical Complex Nowshera. Period: 5th July to 25th Sept 2017. Material and Methods: A tot...
HAMZULLAH KHAN, FAZLI BARI
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DIABETES MELLITUS
DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON DIABETES MELLITUS IN CHRONIC HEPATITIS C
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the association of diabetes mellitus in chronic hepatitis C patients. Study Design: Descriptive Cross sectional study. Period: June 2016 to October 2017. Setting: Department of Medicine PMCH Nawabshah. Material and Methods...
JEANDO KHAN DAIDANO, NAZIA AZAM YUSFANI, BILQEES DAIDANO
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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
ACUTE INTRADIALYTIC COMPLICATIONS IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS ON HEMODIALYSIS.
Abstract: Introduction: Hemodialysis is a process of removal of waste products and toxic substances from the body using an extracorporeal system. During the procedure, lots of hemodynamic and metabolic changes occur in the body as a result of which patients...
TANVEER FATIMA, AURANGZEB AFZAL, SANIA ASHRAF
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DEPRESSION IN ACNE VULGARIS
A STUDY IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL SETTING
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disorder of pilo-sebaceous glands, which most commonly affect face and trunk. It is most prevalent in adolescent age group. It has been seen that acne can have profound social and psychological...
NAIMA LUQMAN, NIAZ MAQSOOD, WAJIH-UR-REHMAN
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EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE
EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE PERCEPTIONS OF UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN KARACHI.
Abstract: Objectives: Evaluate perception and barriers of practice of Evidence based Medicine of first and third year medical students of Jinnah Medical and Dental College Karachi. Study Design: Descriptive, cross sectional. Setting: Department of Medicine,...
FAIZA SAMAD, ZEBA SAEED, ZAINAB HASAN, MUHAMMAD FAISAL FAHIM
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VIRAL MARKERS
MANDATORY VIRAL MARKERS (HBV & HCV) AND ITS PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS FOR PATIENTS UNDERGOING OCULAR SURGERY ADMITTED IN EYE WARD KDA TEACHING HOSPITAL KOHAT.
Abstract: Objectives: To know the prevalence and predisposing risk factors of HBV and HCV in patients undergoing ocular surgery. Study Design: Descriptive study. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology Khyber Medical University Institute of Medical Sciences / ...
MOHAMMAD ALAM
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DRUG INDUCED BRADYCARDIA
OUTCOME OF PATIENTS WITH BRADYCARDIA AFTER DISCONTINUATION OF RATE SLOWING DRUGS IN TERMS OF FREQUENCY OF PERSISTENT BRADYCARDIA.
Abstract: Background: Bradycardia in patients on rate slowing drugs i.e. beta blockers, digoxin and non dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers is common after discontinuation of rate slowing drugs. Bradycardia persists in majority of patients, so bradycar...
MUNIR AHMAD, MUHAMMAD YASIR, SEHAR FATIMA
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TUBERCULOSIS DIAGNOSIS
DELAY IN TUBERCULOSIS DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF PATIENTS ATTENDING TB DOTS CENTRE IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF LAHORE.
Abstract: Background: Delay in diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) and initiation of antitubercular treatment (ATT) contributes to more severe disease manifestations in the individual and higher disease transmission in the community. Objective: To find out the d...
IRAM NAWAZ, RABIA ARSHED USMANI, TASKEEN ZAHRA, ASIMA ASIF, SHAHBAZ BAIG
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HYGIENE
DETERMINANTS AND ITS IMPACT ON DIARRHEA
Abstract: Background: Hygiene is very important aspect of health, it helps prevent many diseases. According to WHO, 25% admission to hospitals are due food and water borne diseases which can be prevented through good hygiene practices. Objectives: To check ...
HAROON YOUSAF, MUHAMMAD IQBAL ZAFAR, FARKHANDA ANJUM, SULTAN ALI ADIL
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STRESS LEVELS
STRESS LEVELS OF FINAL YEAR MBBS STUDENTS AND ITS EFFECT ON THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.
Abstract: Objectives: To explore the effect of pre-exam stress levels of final year medical students on their academic performance. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Students of final year MBBS class at Independent Medical College Faisalabad. Pe...
UZMA KAUSAR, SONIA IJAZ HAIDER, IRFAN AHMED MUGHAL, M. SOHAIL ANJUM NOOR
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TRADITIONAL LECTURE
EFFECTIVENESS OF TRADITIONAL LECTURE VERSUS VIDEO FOR ORTHODONTIC TRAINING OF DENTAL INTERNS
Abstract: Introduction: Use of audiovisual aids is not new to improve dental teaching efficiency. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of traditional lecture versus video for orthodontic training of dental interns. Study design: Prospective, Randomized t...
MUHAMMAD AZEEM, SABIR ALI, AMBREEN SHAUKAT, ARFAN UL HAQ
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USE OF TOBACCO
EVALUATION OF FREQUENCY AND TREND IN USE OF TOBACCO; THE STUDY OF MEDICAL UNIVERSITY OF LARKANA.
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the frequency and trend of tobacco use among the doctors of Medical University. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey. Period: 06 Months from Aug 2016 to Jan 2017. Setting: Medical College and Tertiary Care Hospital affiliate...
RAHEELA SALEEM, FAHAD JIBRAN SIYAL, ABDULLAH DAYO, NAHEED MEMON, MUHAMMAD ALI GHOTO, MUDASSAR IQBAL ARAIN
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DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
CENTRAL MACULAR THICKNESS IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY IN PATIENTS PRESENTING AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.
Abstract: Objectives: To determine central macular thickness (CMT) in Diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetic subjects. Study Design: Cross sectional comparative study. Place & Duration: Department of Ophthalmology, Al- Ibrahim Eye Hospital & Al-Tibri ...
KHAMISO KHAN JAMALI, SHAHNAWAZ CHANNA, MUHAMMAD AZAM
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TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY
THERAPEUTIC TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY IN SECOND TRIMESTER.
Abstract: Objectives: To compare efficacy of extra-amniotic Foley’s catheter balloon alone versus combined use of Foley’s catheter balloon and extra-amniotic instillation of prostaglandin F2-alpha in therapeutic termination of second trimester pregnancy. St...
SHAKILA YASMIN, RUKHSANA AZIZ, MUHAMMAD HASSAN, MEHAK FATIMA
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DENTAL FEAR
THE PREVALENCE OF DENTAL FEAR AND ANXIETY IN PATIENTS COMING TO DEPARTMENT OF DENTISTRY AT LAHORE GENERAL HOSPITAL, PAKISTAN.
Abstract: Objectives: Anxiety towards dental procedures is common problem that may be experienced by dental patients all over the world. This study focused on evaluating the prevalence of dental anxiety and its relationship with age, gender, religion, resid...
ZAINAB FATIMA, AYSHA RASHID, FARAKH ABDULLAH, BUSHRA RASHEED
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PRIMARY POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE
CAUSATIVE FACTORS, TREATMENT OUTCOME AND ITS CONSEQUENCES.
Abstract: Objectives: To see the changing trends in causative factors and various treatment options in pirmary PPH. Study Design: Retrospective study of all the cases who experienced primary postpartum hemorrhage. Period: 4 years i.e: June 2013 to June 2017...
MUSSARAT SULTANA, NABEELA IRUM, HUMA KARAMAT
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ASPERGILLOSIS
ALLERGIC BRONCHOPULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS IN CHILDHOOD ASTHMA; A CASE REPORT
Abstract: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an illness caused by hypersensitivity to colonized Aspergillus fumigatus, mostly involving susceptible adult patients with history of asthma and cystic fibrosis. Timely given appropriate treatment ...
JAVARIA RASHEED, RUSHAN HASSAN, MUHAMMAD KHALID, FAUZIA ZAFAR
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