Frequency of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients.
Keywords:Body Mass Index, Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy, Diabetes Mellitus, Echocardiography, Hypertension, Liver Cirrhosis
Objective: To determine the frequency of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients. Study Design: Descriptive, Cross-sectional. Setting: Department of Medicine, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur. Period: February 2022 to August 2022. Material & Methods: Patients of either gender having age between 25-65 years with decompensated liver cirrhosis (duration >6 months) were analyzed. Demographic and clinical characteristics of each patient were recorded at the time of the inclusion. Then, echocardiography was done in each patient by consultant cardiologist and presence or absence of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy was noted. Results: In a total of 92 patients, 54 (58.7%) were male and 38 (41.3%) were female with male to female ratio as 1.4:1. The mean age was 42.92±8.72 years while 57 (61.96%) patients were aged between 25 to 45 years. The mean duration of disease was 8.52±2.48 months. The mean body mass index was 27.46±2.97 kg/m2. Diabetes was noted in 28 (30.4%) patients while 35 (38.0%) had hypertension. Frequency of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis was found in 38 (41.3%). Conclusion: This study concluded that the frequency of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients is quite high.
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