Non-Surgical Crigler massage for treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in infants below one year age.

  • Mohammad Alam Khyber Medical University Institute of Medical Sciences (KMU-IMS) K.D.A Teaching Hospital Kohat.
Keywords: Crigler Massage, Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

Abstract

Objective: To analyse the efficacy of non-surgical Crigler massage for treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in infants below one year age. Study Design:  Setting: Khyber Medical University Institute of Medical Sciences (KMU-IMS) KDA Teaching Hospital Kohat. Period: April 2014 to June 2019.  Materials & Methods:  on Non-Surgical Crigler massage for conservative   treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in infants below one year age. Proper proforma was designed for documentation of patients and their follow up. Consents were taken from their parents. 93 patients with age range of 2-6 months with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included in the study out of which 51(54.83%) were male and 42(45.16%) were female. 79(84.94%) patients had unilateral while 14(15.05%) patients had bilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. So total 107 eyes with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included. Parents were trained and educated for conservative non-surgical Crigler massage of the lacrimal sacs along with topical antibiotics. Parents were instructed to do 8-10 massage four times a day. Patients were followed up to one year of age. 11 patients were lost from complete follow up in which 9 had unilateral while 2 patients had bilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Cumulatively 13 eyes were missed from follow up. Final results of remaining 82 patients with 94 eyes were analysed. Results: Out of 94 eyes epiphora was abolished with negative regurgitation test in 68(72.34%) patients at the end of one year while in 26(27.65%) the procedure was failed. Conclusion: Non-surgical conservative Crigler massage is very successful in management of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

Author Biography

Mohammad Alam, Khyber Medical University Institute of Medical Sciences (KMU-IMS) K.D.A Teaching Hospital Kohat.

FCPS

Associate Professor Ophthalmology

Published
2021-06-10