Assessment of nutritional status of lactating mothers in Multan, Pakistan: A case study.

  • Hassan Ali Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan.
  • Saadia Khan Children Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Sumbal Nayab Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan.
  • Asad Abbas Azeem Hospital Multan BZU Multan.
  • Reema Arshad Aga Khan University.
  • Iqra Akram Bahuddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Abeeha Ajmal Bahuddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
Keywords: Anemia, Lactating Mothers, Malnutrition, Nutritional Status, Serum Ferritin

Abstract

Objective: The main purpose of the study was to assess the nutritional status of lactating mothers. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Fatima Jinnah Hospital, Chowk Ghantaghar, Multan. Period: March 2019 to November 2019. Material & Methods: The study comprised of 250 lactating mothers aged 18-40 years. The data for this study was collected by trained nutritionist when lactating mothers came for checkup and SPSS software was used for data analysis. Results: This study showed that mother status mostly effected due to iron deficiency. Only 20% women were having normal Hemoglobin level. 80% women were anemic and 61.6% women were underweight and 4.8% women were overweight during lactation period. Their serum ferritin level was significantly low due to iron deficient diet/ low iron supplementation. In this conducted study 34.4% women were uneducated and 70.8% women were from rural areas of Multan. 42.4% women were poor socioeconomic status. Conclusion: Nutritional status of lactating mother is mostly affected by iron deficiency. Iron deficient diet or lack of iron supplementation due to poor socioeconomic status/ lack of education about nutrients affect the lactating status of mother.

Author Biographies

Hassan Ali, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan.

BSc (Hons), FST (BZU), MS (Food Science & Nutrition)

Senior Lecturer Clinical Nutritionist

Saadia Khan, Children Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Multan, Pakistan.

MD (Pediatrics)

Assistant Professor Preventive Pediatrics

Sumbal Nayab, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan.

M.Phil Human Nutrition & Dietetics

Lecturer / Clinical Nutritionist

Asad Abbas, Azeem Hospital Multan BZU Multan.

M.Sc (Hons) Human Nutrition & Dietetics

Clinical Nutritionist/ Dietitian

Reema Arshad, Aga Khan University.

MSc (Food and Nutrition)

Research Associate

Iqra Akram, Bahuddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

Bachelor in Human Nutrition and Dietetics

Abeeha Ajmal, Bahuddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

Bachelor in Human Nutrition and Dietetics

Published
2021-06-10