Is single-stage resection and anastomosis for acute sigmoid volvulus, without intra operative colonic lavage a safe procedure?
Objective. This study was conducted to provide local data regarding the results and post-operative complications after single-stage resection and anastomosis for acute sigmoid volvulus, without intra operative colonic lavage. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional. Setting: DHQ Charsadda. Period: May 2017 to December 2019. Material & Methods: This clinical study was done on 50 patients who presented with the signs and symptoms of acute sigmoid volvulus excluding those with complications of the illness such as gangrene, perforation and peritonitis. Surgery for all patients was carried out under General anaesthesia. All the patients underwent emergency resection and primary anastomosis, without mechanical bowel preparation. Data were collected regarding post operation complication and analysis by using SPSS version 23. Chi square test was used to compare at level of significance <0.005. Results: Median age of patients was 50 years with male to female ratio 5:3. Seven patients presented with wound infection, one dehiscence while zero Anastomotic leakage and zero death postoperative recorded. Conclusion: Single stage resection and primary anastomosis without preoperative colonic lavage for acute sigmoid volvulus is a simpler and short procedure with low mortality and morbidity rates.