Frequency of hypertension among children having acute kidney injury (AKI) at A Tertiary Care Hospital.
Objectives: To know the frequency of hypertension among children having acute kidney injury (AKI) at a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Pediatric Medicine, Nishtar Hospital, Multan, Period: 1st January to 31 December 2019. Material & Methods: A total of 718 children with AKI were included from department of Pediatric medicine, Nishtar Hospital, Multan. Once registered, study variables were noted along with systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Results: Of these 718 study cases, majority, 439 (61.1%) were male, 435 (61.0%) belonged to rural areas, 443 (61.7%) from poor socioeconomic status and 551 (76.7%) mothers were illiterate. Mean age was 4.33±2.56 years whereas mean body mass index was 23.58±3.17 kg/m2. Overall, family history of AKI was noted in 165 (23.0%) children. Hypertension was noted in 228 (31.8%) cases. Conclusion: Very high frequency of hypertension was seen in children presenting with AKI.