Depression and anxiety Post Total Abdominal Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
Keywords:Anxiety, Depression, Hysterectomy, Salpingo-oophorectomy, Total abdominal hysterectomy
Objectives: To determine the frequency and severity of depression and anxiety in patients who had undergone total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Isra University Hospital, Hyderabad, Sindh. Period: From 14th January 2015 to 14th January 2016. Material & Methods: Total 136 women were included in the study that had undergone total abdominal hysterectomy along with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Women who had an obstetrical hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, subtotal hysterectomy, hysterectomized women with pre-existing depression and psychosis and women who did not agree to participate were excluded. Anxiety and depression were labelled along with severity as per operational definition using Zung self-rating depression and Zung self-rating anxiety scale and were analyzed by using SPSS 11.0. Result: Majority of the women were married (88.2%), educated (66.9%), and grand multiparous (46.3%). Commonest age group was more than 40 years (29.4%). Anxiety was present in 27.2% whereas depression was seen in 32.4% women. Conclusion: There was a highly significant association of age, parity and level of education with anxiety as well as depression. Majority of the women suffered from mild to moderate level of anxiety and depression.